Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern Explained

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern Explained (real chart examples)
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The Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern is a candle pattern formed by three candles and signals a potential reversal in the market. In this article we will show you how to identify them in the right market position with real chart examples.

The Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern is a three candle pattern which signals a potential reversal in the market. The Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern is Bearish and should be identified as a signal when occurring in an up-trending market or at the top of a range. 

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern Criteria:

  • The first candle is a large green (bullish) candle followed by the Doji Star.
  • The Doji Star is a doji candle that gaps away from the large real body preceding it.
  • The Doji Star is a warning that the prior trend may be ending. A doji candle represents indecision and as such a stalemate in the tug of war between bulls and bears.
  • An Evening Doji Star should ideally have a gap between the first and second candle and then another gap between the second and third candles. However the second gap is rarely seen and is not necessary for a valid pattern.

Additional notes:

  • The main concern should be the extent of the intrusion of the third candle’s red (bearish) real body into the first day’s green (bullish) real body.
  • If there is light volume on the first candlestick session and heavy volume on the third candlestick session. This would show a reduction of the force for the prior trend and an increase in the direction force of a new trend.
  • For a reminder of what a Doji candle is please see this article: Doji’s Explained.

Quick Reference Guide – Candlestick Basics. If you need a reminder of what candlesticks are have a look at our free PDF – Candlesticks Explained.

The criteria and examples above are just the technical definitions of this pattern. However patterns are only useful with context and with real chart examples.

No pattern will ever exactly match the criteria and in order to be a useful signal must occur in the correct place in a trend. Let’s start by looking at the classification table for this pattern.

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern Classification Table

Number of Candles In Pattern 3
Type: (Reversal/Continuation) Reversal
Bullish/Bearish/Indecision Bearish
Market Conditions: Range, Down-trend, Up-trend Up-trend, Ranging
Position: Top, Bottom, Range Top

What Price Action Does The Evening Doji Star Pattern Represent?

All candlestick patterns are formed by price action. But the popular ones represent price action that may have significance in signalling the direction of the market.

The Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern is a bearish reversal pattern so the price action should reflect in the first instance a bullish (up) trend that loses momentum followed by a bearish signal.

This is represented in this three pattern candle with an initial green candle with a large real body which should be seen in an up-trend or the top of a range. This is followed by a second candle that gaps up.

This is indicative of positive upward momentum. However, the second candle forms a star when it loses momentum and closes with no (or almost no) real body. This is an indication that the momentum has slowed.

The final element of a bearish reversal pattern is the formation of the third bearish candle. This ideally gaps down from the star and is move valid the further it extends into the real body of the first candle.

This initial bullish momentum followed by a stalled candle and then bearish reversal candle can be seen as a potential signal that the bulls cannot extend the trend and a potential change in direction is at hand.

As with all reversal patterns, these signals are better when seen after a sustained trend in one direction. The signal is best when formed in a trend but can also be valid when formed at the appropriate place in a ranging market.

Hint: It is always good practice to look for confirmation for any signal that you are looking to trade.

Evening Doji Star Pattern Example With Confirmation

In this example on the EUR/GBP market the price action had been in a good up-trending direction towards a key round level resistance area.

The price action broke through the round level but was then followed by the formation of an Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern.

This along with the resistance level was too much for the market to break through and a reversal occurred.

Evening Doji Star Pattern Example With Confirmation Example
Evening Doji Star Pattern Example With Confirmation Example

Note: you can get a free round level indicator for MT4 from us here: Round Levels MT4 Indicator.

In What Market Conditions Does The Evening Doji Star Pattern Become A Signal?

To recap – the Evening Star Candle Pattern is a potential signal when occurring after a sustained up-trend or at the top of a range.

It is ideal to have a gap up to the middle candle (the star) and a gap down to the third bearish candle but it is not necessary.

The deeper the third candle penetrates into the gains of the first green candle’s real body, the more valid the signal becomes.

As with any bearish reversal signal it should be treated with caution and may just be an opportunity to cover longs rather than as a signal to short the market.

Let’s look at some more examples.

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern In An Up-trending Market

An up-trending market is one where the price action generally moves down over time and is characterized by higher lows and higher highs.

Up-trending Market Example
Up-trending Market Example

In this GBP/USD market example the market was uptrending and then an Evening Star Candle Pattern formed. The market then reversed and started moving into a down-trend.

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern In An Up-trending Market Example
Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern In An Up-trending Market Example

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern In A Ranging Market

A ranging market is one where the price action moves up and down between two sets of support and resistance. This is also known as a sideways, balancing or horizontal market. In essence the price action is struggling to break out of the range decisively either on the upside or downside.

Ranging Market Example
Ranging Market Example

Although not traditionally used as a signal in a ranging market, it can still be a useful tool to help define the top of a range or as a rejection of a breakout.

This is because the price action it represents (stalled momentum) is the type of signal that is useful to indicate that the market is less likely to break out of the range to new highs.

In the GBP/JPY market example below you can see an example where an Evening Doji Star formed at the top of the range which was a helpful indication that the market would hold true to that area of resistance.

Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern In A Ranging Market Example
Evening Doji Star Candle Pattern In A Ranging Market Example

Candle Pattern MT4 Indicator Downloads

If you trade using MT4 then why not try out our free MT4 indicators? Most of our indicators, including the most common candle pattern indicators are Free and available for download here: MT4 Indicator Page.

Most of our candle indicators also have an alternate version which can show the signal in a separate indicator window of the chart if that is your preference.
For advanced users you can use our Pin Bar Pattern Manager (Paid) to specify your own parameters of candles you want to identify. You can find that here.

Important Information About Candlestick Patterns

Attribution:

All of the candlestick patterns that we explain on NothardTrading.com must be attributed to Steve Nison and his books on candle charting, the most famous of which was Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques (Amazon). You can also find out more at his website here.

Interpretation Of Candle Patterns:

It is important to note that these patterns were originally identified on the daily timeframes of index charts, which is still where they are the most useful. However, this does not mean that they cannot be used for other markets or time frames.

No signal is perfect and should never be used as such. Any patterns that you identify only signals a potential move based on the fact that history repeats itself and forms regular patterns in similar situations.

But past performance is no guarantee of future results! So always treat these patterns with care and think of these guidelines when using them.

Best practice guide for trading of candle patterns:

  • No pattern is ever perfect. Be aware that patterns will form slightly differently each time and in different markets.
  • Use them as consistently as possible. Even though you will never find patterns exactly the same, you should always implement a consistent ruleset when identifying and using patterns.
  • It is never a guarantee, only an indication.
  • Make sure you are using it in the right context. For example if it is a continuation pattern then don’t use it to trade reversals!
  • Use multiple signals (confirmations) to have more confidence in your trading.

Related Candle Patterns

Spinning Candles

To learn more about Spinning Candle Pattern, see our article here: Spinning Candle Pattern Spinning Top And Bottom (real chart examples).

Shooting Star Candle Pattern

To learn more about Shooting Star Candle Pattern, see our article here: Shooting Star Candle Pattern Explained (real chart examples).

Morning Star Candle Pattern

To learn more about Morning Star Candle Pattern, see our article here: Morning Star Candle Pattern Explained (real chart examples).

Evening Star Candle Pattern

To learn more about Evening Star Candle Pattern, see our article here: Evening Star Candle Pattern Explained (real chart examples).

Morning Doji Star Candle Pattern

To learn more about Morning Doji Star Candle Pattern, see our article here: Morning Doji Star Candle Pattern Explained.

Abandoned Baby Top Candle Pattern

To learn more about Abandoned Baby Top Candle Pattern, see our article here: Abandoned Baby Top Candle Pattern Explained.

Abandoned Baby Bottom Candle Pattern

To learn more about Abandoned Baby Bottom Candle Pattern, see our article here: Abandoned Baby Bottom Candle Pattern Explained.

Justina Nothard

Justina Nothard

Hi, I’m Justina Nothard, a retail investor trading Stock Index Futures.

I understand how hard it can be for the ordinary trader to learn the basics and find useful tools and practical information.

This is why I decided to create Nothard Trading to help you take control of your trading.

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